Germany has reached a deal with the European Union to allow the continued sale of new ICE cars in the bloc from 2035 as long as they're running on e fuel.
Sales of new ICE cars were set to be totally banned from 2035 through legislation enforcing a 100 percent reduction in CO2 emissions from all new vehicles sold.
The final vote on the law – previously expected to be a formality – was postponed after German and Italian diplomats raised objections to the legislated shift to electric cars, demanding an exemption for e fuel.
E fuels are made from captured CO2 and hydrogen
Italy wants a guarantee for biofuels
Volkswagen’s Porsche has invested in e-fuel technology
The move towards e fuels
E fuels are made from CO2 captured from the atmosphere and hydrogen, and so are claimed to be carbon-neutral by their backers.
The integration of e fuel into the EU’s plan to reduce emissions from transport is likely to be welcomed by manufacturers such as Ferrari, Lamborghini and Porsche, famed for their combustion engines.
Porsche, in particular, has been a key driver behind the technology in recent years, having invested $75 million in Chilean firm Highly Innovative Fuels (HIF). However, Porsche currently has no plans to sell the fuel to motorists, reserving it for "lighthouse" projects like the Supercup, as well as its customer-facing experience centres.
In their current form, e fuels are also prohibitively expensive for many. For example, British firm Coryton’s fuel, used in Prodrive’s Hunter T1+ Dakar rally-raider, costs roughly twice as much as regular unleaded petrol.
The opposition to e fuel
The support of German diplomats secured by the promised integration of e fuel means the final vote on the legislation is now expected to pass. German transport minister Volker Wissing said on Twitter: “Vehicles with combustion engines can also be newly registered after 2035 if they only use CO2-neutral fuels.”
This is despite further objections from Italy, which is reportedly seeking additional guarantees for the use of biofuels (made from biomass, such as wood waste). However, it doesn't alone form a large enough barrier to block the legislation.
Critics also point out that e fuel requires more energy than is needed to power battery electric vehicles on a per-mile basis, and that they don't completely erase local tailpipe emissions, as electric vehicles do.
Volkswagen brand boss Thomas Schafer recently called the debate over e fuel “unnecessary noise”. With Volkswagen planning to phase out ICE cars in 2033, he asked: “So why spend a fortune on old technology that doesn’t give you any benefit?”